This is the third installment in a series of posts from Holiness: Its Nature, Hindrances, Difficulties, and Roots(Hardcopy/Kindle). J. C. Ryle’s classic book on Holiness very helpfully works through various aspects of Sanctification.
First Post: 12 points defining sanctification.
Second Post: 10 points on the visible evidence of sanctification.
This week we are given 13 points by Ryle on where justification and sanctification are alike and where they differ.
Justification and Sanctification are alike in these ways:
- Both proceed originally from the free grace of God.
- Both are part of that great work of salvation which Christ, in the eternal covenant, has undertaken on behalf of His people.
- Both are to be found in the same persons.
- Both begin at the same time.
- Both are alike necessary to salvation.
- Justification is the reckoning and counting a man to be righteous for the sake of another, even Jesus Christ the Lord. Sanctification is the actual making a man inwardly righteous, though it may be in a very feeble degree.
- The righteousness we have by our justification is not our own, but the everlasting perfect righteousness of our great Mediator Christ, imputed to us, and made our own by faith. The righteousness we have by sanctification is our own righteousness, imparted , inherent, and wrought in us by the Holy Spirit, but mingled with much infirmity and imperfection.
- In justification our own works have no place at all, and simple faith in Christ is the one thing needful. In sanctification our own works are of vast importance and God bids us fight, and watch, and pray, and strive, and take pains, and labour.
- Justification is a finished and complete work, and a man is perfectly justified the moment he believers. Sanctification is an imperfect work, comparatively, and will never be perfected until we reach heaven.
- Justification admits of no growth or increase: a man is as much justified the hour he first comes to Christ by faith as he will be to all eternity. Sanctification is eminently a progressive work, and admits of continual growth and enlargement so long as man lives.
- Justification has special reference to our persons, our standing in God’s sight, and our deliverance from guilt. Sanctification has special reference to our natures, and the moral renewal of our hearts.
- Justification gives us our title to heaven, and boldness to enter in. Sanctification gives us our meetness for heaven, and prepares us to enjoy it when we dwell there.
- Justification is the act of God about us, and is not easily discerned by others. Sanctification is the work of God within us, and cannot be hid in its outward manifestation from the eyes of men.